Research and Reports

USAID Transform WASH: Women as Business Leaders

Learn about the gender dynamics in the water, sanitation, and hygiene business and discover action points to enhance women's roles in the sector.


This learning note is intended to help readers better understand the gender dynamics in water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) businesses in Ethiopia through the documentation of key learnings and action points designed to enhance the role of women in the sector.

The study has two specific objectives: 

  1. To explore challenges that women face as entrepreneurs, particularly across the WASH value chain (i.e., as manufacturers, distributors, retailers, masons, and sales agents), through comparison with their male counterparts; and 
  2. To provide actionable recommendations on how to enhance roles and performance of women in WASH businesses.